Build Your Vocabulary for Government Exams – Useful Tips


The test for the English language is common for all government exams. In fact, in some exams like SBI PO and IBPS PO, English language tests come in both the prelims and the mains. Now, a lot of students might not feel confident when they approach English paper. One of the reasons for their worry is their weak vocabulary. In the following post, we would talk about some of the steps that you can take to build your vocabulary for government exams.

Why Do You Need to Build Your Vocabulary for Government Exams?

Enriching your vocabulary would really help you score more in your English language paper. The test of the English language is something that is common for almost all government exams. Most of the times, you can expect the following type of questions where you can really use your knowledge of vocabulary.

  1. You can be asked opposite/same meaning words to a given word in the grammar section
  2. Sometimes, they can pick a word from the comprehension section and ask about the meaning.
  3. They can be also questions that directly ask the meaning of a particular word.

So, as you can see, you need to build your vocabulary for government exams as that would help you score better in such immensely competitive exams. Let us take a look at how you can build your vocabulary for government exams.

General Tips on How You Can Build Your Vocabulary for Government Exams

Now, let us take a look at some of the general tips that you should follow to build your vocabulary for government exams.

  1. Read an English Language Newspaper daily. Not only would that help you with current affairs, but it would help you build up your vocabulary in English. Hindu and the Indian Express are highly recommended.
  2. Keep a good dictionary by your side when you are reading a newspaper or a book. Hindi-English dictionary might be good but at the same time, you would need to use an English-English dictionary as well.
  3. One of the best and fun ways to increase your vocabulary is to watch English movies. Today, most English movie channels on TV come with English subtitles. They are always a good way to learn new words,
  4. Read your school English books. Most of the questions asked are of school standard,

Books to Read to Build Your Vocabulary for Government Exams

  • 30 Days to More Powerful Vocabulary by Norman and Lewis

Publisher: Goyal

Buy Now on Amazon

Why Should You Get It?

  • 15-minute exercises that would enhance your vocabulary
  • Learn the use of new words. This is especially helpful for the descriptive section.
  • Easy to understand and effective.


  • Everyday Vocabulary More Than 6100 Words

Publisher: Arihant

Buy Now on Amazon

Why Should You Get It?

  • It is especially helful for hindi medium students
  • There are more than 6100 words to learn. Most of the words commonly come in the exam.

Free Apps to Help Build Your Vocabulary

1. PowerVocab

Download on Google Play

PowerVocab is a definition matching game similar to this quiz. Players match words against multiple-choice definitions. You can compete against other players or play against the clock.


Download on Google Play’s word search covers 2,000,000+ English words, synonyms and antonyms: perfect for government exams! Learn spelling, study grammar and discover new vocabulary with a host of learning features. Pronounce English words correctly, look up the Word of the Day and explore etymology to supplement your language education.

3. English Hindi Dictionary

You can search both English and Hindi words. You can search words directly from “Internet Browser” or other Applications by using Sharing option. This is not only a Dictionary but also a learning tool. You can use this dictionary when you have no Internet connection. MCQ (Multiple Choice Question) options arealso available. You can add words to the study plan and remove words from the study plan.

Some of the Common Words that Come in Government Exams

  1. IRIDESCENT (adjective): इंद्रधनुषी

Meaning: Showing luminous colors that seem to change when seen from different angles.

Synonyms: shining, glittering, sparkling, shimmering, polychromatic, opalescent 

Antonyms: colorless, dull, plain, fixed, monochrome

Usage: When the jeweler looked at the iridescent gems, he was made speechless by their brilliant colors.


  1. THROWAWAY (adjective) : अस्थायी

Meaning: Denoting or relating to products that are intended to be discarded after being used once or a few times.

Synonyms: casual, passing, careless, offhand, ill-considered

Antonyms: adopt, embrace, take on, keep, retain, conserve

Usage: She was very upset at what to him was just a throwaway remark.


3.PRUNE (verb) : छटनाछँटाई करना

Meaning: Trim (a tree, shrub, or bush) by cutting away dead or overgrown branches or stems, especially to encourage growth.

Synonyms: reduce, cut/trim, decrease.

Antonyms: elongate, extend, lengthen

Usage: Ideally, you should start pruning your tree to limit its size before it reaches full size.


  1. STRIDE (noun) : प्रगति, छलांग

Meaning: A long step or stage in making progress.

Synonyms: clump, tramp, stomp, stalk

Antonyms: amble, meander, ramble, stroll, wander

Usage: In two bounding strides the woman was in the street, kneeling over her friend.


  1. VEXATIOUS (adjective) : अफ़सोसनाक

Meaning: Causing or tending to cause annoyance, frustration, or worry.

Synonyms: annoying, vexing, irritating, irksome, displeasing, infuriating, maddening, exasperating

Antonyms: helpful, pleasing, soothing, aiding, assisting

Usage: This vexatious problem was resolved, incompletely, by civil war and secession.


  1. STODGY (adjective) : सुस्त और उदासीन; मौलिकता या उत्तेजना की कमी

Meaning: Dull and uninspired; lacking originality or excitement

Synonyms: uninteresting, dreary, deadly, unimaginative, uninspired, unexciting, monotonous, humdrum

Antonyms: exciting, entertaining, digestible, creative, breathtaking, enthralling

Usage: Most of my students used informal, asymmetrical balance, as formal balance can seem stodgy and dull.


  1. PURPORTEDLY (adverb) : कथित रूप से

Meaning: As appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so; allegedly.

Synonyms: allegedly, professedly, supposedly, seemingly, superficially

Antonyms: absolutely, authentically, certainly, earnestly, exactly

Usage: The woman found a letter purportedly signed by the Prime Minister.


  1. AMELIORATE (verb) : सुधारना

Meaning: make (something bad or unsatisfactory) better

Synonyms: better, reformed, revamped/improved, amend, elevate

Antonyms: worsen, aggravate, decline, blemish, debase, deprave

Usage: Ameliorate the relationship with your distant mother by sending a letter.


  1. STARK (adjective) : निरा

Meaning: Unpleasantly or sharply clear.

Synonyms: blunt, bare, straightforward, plain, unadorned, unembellished, harsh, grim

Antonyms: adorned, bright, lush, bleak, cheerful, opulent

Usage: His evidence in chief stood in stark contrast to his evidence on cross-examination.


  1. TOUCHSTONE (noun) : मापदंड

Meaning: a criterion by which something is judged

Synonyms: benchmark, criterion, grade, mark, measure, metric, standard, yardstick

Antonyms: aberration, deviation, abnormality

Usage: An understanding of grammar is often considered a touchstone by which all language skills are compared to.


This was some of the steps that you can take to build your vocabulary for government exams. Hope you found this article to be helping. For more such articles on government exam preparation, keep browsing Topprnotes.