SSC JE Reasoning section is made up of a number of topics. Some of them are considered to be confusing and hence, tougher than the others, one such topic is Relations. In Relations, you are asked to find the relation between two persons based on the statements given in the questions. SSC JE relationship questions are quite important, mainly because of two reasons. Firstly, the at least two or three questions come every year from this specific topic. Secondly, not many candidates are known to be adept at this kind of questions. So, if you get them right, you are definitely going to get an edge over the rest. Contrary to what you might think, the questions aren’t that tough to solve. All you need is such a good technique and a little bit of practice and you would be solving them like a pro in no time!
Different Types of SSC JE Relationship Questions
The basic premise of relation questions remains the same – you are asked to find the relation between two people based on some statements that are given to you. However, the way the statements are presented differs. So, let us take a look at the different types of relations questions that you are likely to encounter in your SSC JE reasoning test.
Questions based on Statements/Conversations
In these type of questions, you are presented with a dialogue or a conversation between two people. For example,
Example 1: Pointing to a man in the photograph a woman said, “His brother’s father is the only child of my grandfather”. How is the woman related to the man in the photograph?
Questions based on Puzzles
In these type of questions, you are given a set of information and then you are asked to answer a number of questions that follow. For example,
Example 2: In a family, there are six members- A, B, C, D, E and F. A and B are a married couple, A being a male member. D is the only son of C, who is the brother of A. E is the sister of D. B is the daughter-in-law of F, whose husband has died.
How is F related to A?
- None of these
How is E related to C?
Who is C to B?
- None of these
How many male members are there in the family?
Solving SSC JE Relationship Questions
We have mentioned two different types of questions above that generally come in SSC JE Reasoning test. Now, you need to use different techniques to solve each of them. Therefore, we need to look at each of them separately.
How to Solve SSC JE Relationship Questions – Statement/Conversation Type
The most effective way to solve such questions is by a method called ‘tracking‘. Tracking is a method where you start with the last or first information and then proceed backwards or forwards, depending on the information you choose. This quickest and the most accurate way to solve such questions. How to do it? Let’s see.
Let us go back to the example that we cited for this particular type of question. Here, we are going to do ‘forward-tracking’ i.e. we are going to take the first piece of information and then proceed forward.
What is the first piece of information that we had? We had ‘his brother’s father’. Now, you need to simplify this. His brother’s father should also be his father. Therefore, ‘brother’s father’ becomes ‘his father’.
Now, the next piece of information is that ‘his father is the only son of my (the woman’s) grandfather’. This means that the person who is the grandfather has only one son i.e. the father of the man in the photo. Now, since the grandfather has only one son, this means that the father of the man is also the father of the woman making the statement.
So, both the man in the photo and the woman making the statement has the same father. What does that make them? That makes them brothers and sister. So, the correct answer is Option (3)- Sister.
Quick Tips for Solving SSC JE Relationship Questions – Statement/Conversation Type
- Take either the first or the last piece of information and don’t lose the track of it. Try to process the information in a systematic way.
- Simplify the relation at every step.
- Never forget the genders.
- Keep track of words of important words, such as ‘only son’, ‘only daughter’ etc. For example, in this example, we knew that the grandfather had only one son. This makes the man and the woman be brothers and sisters. If the fact ‘only child’ was not mentioned, the man and the woman could have been cousins.
Practice Questions for Statement/Conversation Type Questions
Question 1: Pointing to a photograph of a boy Suresh said, “He is the son of the only son of my mother.” How is Suresh related to that boy?
Correct Answer: D
Question 2: Introducing a boy, a girl said, “He is the son of the daughter of the father of my uncle.” How is the boy related to the girl?
Correct Answer: A
Let us now move on to the second type of SSC JE relations questions – puzzle type
How to Solve SSC JE Relationship Questions – Puzzle Type
The biggest advantage of a puzzle type of question is that a number of questions follow the set of information. This basically means that if you get it right, you can score three-four marks in one go. So, how should you prepare for them? Let’s see how. The best way to solve these type of questions is by creating a relationship tree. A relationship tree is nothing but a diagram that shows the relationship between different members. You can create this just by reading the information carefully and then drawing the tree. Let us take the example that we had cited and see how we can create a relationship tree.
The question was-
“In a family, there are six members- A, B, C, D, E and F. A and B are a married couple, A being a male member. D is the only son of C, who is the brother of A. E is the sister of D. B is the daughter-in-law of F, whose husband has died.”
The trick here is, to start with a parent-child relationship. As they are the basic blood relationship. In the third sentence, we have D who is the only son of C who is the brother of A. Now, we are going to keep brothers in the same line, connected with a dotted line. We would keep sons below their father and connect them with a straight line. Therefore, we are going to have something like this
Here (+) denotes male and (-) will denote female.
Next, we look for more information about A, C or D. In the first sentence, we get that A and B are a married couple and E is the sister of D. So now we have:
Now, we include F who is a female as she had a husband who has died. So finally, the tree would look something like this.
With this diagram, we can sufficiently answer the questions that followed.
Quick Tips for Solving SSC JE Relationship Questions – Puzzle Type
- Try to use a standard set of code when drawing the relationship tree. Like we have used straight lines and dotted lines and symbols like (+) and (-) to denote relationship and gender.
- Always start with the parent-child relationship.
- If you are losing track, try to trace back your steps and start again.
Hopefully, we were able to help you with your relationship questions for your SSC JE reasoning preparation. For more such interesting notes, feel free to browse Topprnotes. Study smart and get the edge in SSC JE 2019. The applicants refer to the other related topic on the links mentioned below.