SSC JE Problem Solving Questions | SSC Reasoning Preparation | SSC JE Exam


SSC JE Reasoning consists of around 25% marks in Paper I. It is always advisable to the applicants that to score maximum marks in this section. This would help them to hit the overall cut of the Paper I. Problem-solving is an important part of SSC JE reasoning section. Every year there are a lot of questions asked about this particular topic in the reasoning section of paper I. The coming SSC JE 2019 exam is expected to be no different. Now, a lot of students worry a lot when it comes to problem-solving questions in SSC JE exam. Some of them feel that they are too confusing, others might feel that they take up a lot of time. Let me tell you something – its not either of that! They are pretty simple to solve and if you know the right techniques, they can be solved quickly as well. Here, we are going to talk about how you should deal with such  SSC JE problem solving questions and also give you some really simple tips. So, let’s get down to it!

Knowing SSC JE Problem Solving Questions

Let us begin by looking at some of the frequently asked questions about problem solving questions in SSC JE.  Problem-solving questions come in the reasoning section of SSC JE Paper I, which is the first stage of the exam. Problem solving encompasses a vast array of questions. For example, you have questions coding and decoding, seating arrangements, ‘direction’ questions and so on.

How frequent are they?

Well, problem solving questions form the single largest chunk of all the SSC reasoning questions asked every year. Around 10-12 questions every year come from this section.

What is their difficulty?

Well, it differs from year to year. In fact, the difficulty varies from question to question in the same year. For example, you might get a difficult question on coding-decoding. In the same question paper, you might get an easy question on seating arrangement. However, we would like to state you can easily solve every question if you know the right technique and put in a little bit of practice.

How often do I need to practice?

Your skills in solving these type of questions would develop over time. So, we recommend that you practice 3-4 questions from each category daily. Please don’t keep this for last minute preparation. Practice it from the beginning of your SSC JE preparation.

Common Categories of SSC JE Problem Solving Questions and How Often Do They Come?

Let us analyze the most common categories of problem solving questions in SSC JE exam and how often they come in Paper I. We have also graded the categories according to their difficulty on a scale of 1 to 10, with 1 being the easiest and 10 being the hardest.

Category Frequency (Avg. No. of questions every year) Difficulty
Seating Arrangement 1-3 7
Direction 2-4 5
Coding Decoding 3-5 8

Okay, so now we know what is problem solving questions, what is their difficulty and how often do they come. Let us now move on to the part we are all here for – the techniques for solving the questions!

Solving Problem Solving Questions in SSC JE

We have seen that there are three main types of problem solving questions. Questions from these categories come frequently and they are also a bit difficult. This means that they would be taking up a good deal of your time in the exam. Now, we can’t afford that. So, let us take a quick look at these categories and the techniques you can use to solve them effectively and quickly.

Solving Coding-Decoding Questions

Coding and Decoding is considered to be one of the toughest of all SSC JE problem solving questions. Tough as they may be, the SSC is always known to ask a good number of questions of this type. Let us see how you can solve them. Let us take an example,

Example 1: In a certain language, ‘put tir fin’ means ‘delicious juicy fruit’; ‘tie dip sig’ means ‘beautiful white lily’, and ‘sig lon fin’ means ‘lily and fruit’. What is the code for ‘and’?

Solution: Solving this kind of questions is quite easy actually. Common code from the first and third statement for ‘fin’ is ‘fruit’. From the second and third statement,  we get that ‘sig’ is ‘lily’. So ‘lon’ means ‘and’ in the third statement.

Correct Answer: lon

For coding and decoding, you might encounter questions like the following as well.

Example 2: If D = 4 and COVER = 63, then BASIS = ?

Solution: We can instantly see that D is the 4th letter of the English alphabet, so it is coded to be 4. Now let us look at COVER, here we have,

C=3, O=15, V=22, E=5, R=18

Adding them all together we have 63. When you work in the same way, you get BASIS as 50.

Correct Answer: 50

Let us look at another different kind of example,

Example 3: If EODGH is the code for BLADE, what is the code for CRICKET?

Solution: Usually, you just need to count backwards or forwards from one of the given alphabets, to find the code. In this case, we have

coding-decoding-SSC JE problem solving questions

so, we just need to add three letters to each and every letter in the word CRICKET. We would have:

coding-decoding-2-SSC JE problem solving questions


Therefore, the correct answer would be FULFNHW.

Correct Answer: FULFNHW.

Solving Direction Questions

Direction questions are one of the most common types of SSC JE problem solving questions. They might sound confusing but they are actually pretty easy to solve. In fact, it is actually so simple, that there is no technique that can actually make it simpler. However, you need to keep the following things in mind when you are solving such questions for SSC JE Reasoning test.

  • At sunrise, if a man is facing east, then his shadow would be in the west.
  • If a man is facing north, then his shadow would be to his left during sunrise and it would be towards his right during sunset. If he is facing south, then it would be the opposite.
  • Left turn=clockwise turn
  • Right turn=anti-clockwise turn

Solving Seating Arrangement Questions

This is another one of the more common SSC JE problem solving questions. Let us see how you can solve it. Let us take an example,

Five friends P,Q,R,S and T are sitting on a bench

a)P is sitting next to Q

b)R is sitting next to S

c) S is not sitting with T

d) T is at the end of the bench

e) R is on the second position from the right

f) P is on the right of Q and T

g) P and R are sitting together

How are they all seated?

Solution: You would see that they have given a lot of different information about the sitting arrangement. They are your clues. The first thing that you need to do is read the clues properly and then follow these simple steps.

STEP 1Categorize the Statements into Definitive and Comparative Statements – A definitive statement is a statement that explicitly mentions the position of the person. On the other hand, a comparative statement is a statement which gives the position of the person with respect to another.

STEP 2Start Filling Up the Position Based on the Definitive Statements – Here, from the fourth statement we know that T is at the end of the bench. From the fifth statement, we know that R is at the second position from the right. Therefore, we have –

T _ _ R _

STEP  3Start Filling Up the Position Based on the Comparative Statements – Let us consider the seventh and the first statement. According to them, if P and R are together and Q and P are togther, then P must be between Q and R. So, now we have


Since only one spot is left, that would be occupied by S. So, our final answer is TQPRS.

Correct Answer: TQPRS

Practice Questions

Question 1: A, P, R, X, S and Z are sitting in a row. S and Z are in the centre. A and P are at the ends. R is sitting to the left of A. Who is to the right of P ?


A. A
B. X
C. S
D. Z

Answer: B

Question 2: One morning Udai and Vishal were talking to each other face to face at a crossing. If Vishal’s shadow was exactly to the left of Udai, which direction was Udai facing?


A. East
B. West
C. North
D. South

Answer: C

Question 3: In a certain code ‘TIGER’ is written as ‘QDFHS’. How is ‘FISH’ written in that code?



Answer: B

Hopefully, this article was of help to you. Practice SSC JE problem solving questions using this methods and you will surely ace the exam. Students can refer to the related article below. Best of luck!

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