When it comes to SSC JE exam, the General Intelligence and Reasoning part of Paper I is the one that baffles students the most. However, these sections tend to be more scoring sections as well. They together have a sum of 100 marks out of which 50 marks is of SSC JE Reasoning. Hence, we advise students to prepare reasoning well for SSC JE 2019. Analogy questions are considered to be the one of the most important. In 2017, as many as 8-9 questions were based on Analogy. Apart from being important, they are also considered to be the trickiest. They look simple on the face, but students often find them complicated to solve. Don’t worry! At Topprnotes, we would help you with SSC JE 2019 analogy preparation. Let us see how you can solve SSC JE analogy questions easily and correctly. You can refer more SSC JE reasoning topics here.
What is Analogy?
The word ‘Analogy’ means ‘Comparison’. Basically, you would be given two words that have a specific relation. Then you would be given another word and you would need to choose a word that has the same relation as the first set of words. This would be more clear with the help of an example of analogy question.
Example 1: petals are to flowers as fingers are to…
Petals are the ‘components’ of a flower. Similarly, fingers are the ‘components’ of a hand. Therefore, the right answer is b) Hand. Let’s see more SSC JE analogy questions and answer them to understand better.
Different Categories of SSC JE Analogy Questions
It is really helpful for your SSC JE 2019 analogy preparation if you know about the different categories of analogy questions that are asked in SSC JE exam. This would help you identify the relationship quickly.
Some of the most common categories are
- Cause and Effect
In the pair of the words, one of the words would be the cause and the other would be its effect.
For example – Rain:Clouds::Heat:?
- Set and Subset
Here, one of the words would a subset of the other.
For example – Pages: Books::Leaves:?
- Sequence of Alphabets
You would be a given a sequence of alphabets which would have a unique connection between them
For example – SAT:WEX:: MET:?
- Sequence of Numbers
This is similar to the sequence of alphabets. Only here, you would have numbers instead of alphabets.
For example – 43 : 7 : : 23 : ?
Other associations such as workers and tools, units and measurement etc. can be seen in the analogy questions in the SSC JE exam 2019.
Solving SSC JE Analogy Questions
In the following question, select the related word pair from the given alternatives.
Rain : Clouds : : ? : ?
1) Rice : Food
2) Grey : Colour
3) Heat : Sun
4) Snow : Mountains
(SSC JE Paper 1, 2017)
This is a typical analogy question asked in SSC JE Paper I. This exact question came in SSC JE 2017, which was held in January 2019. Let us see how you can solve it. The main trick is to identify the relationship between the given set of words. Here, we can say that ‘Rain’ happens because of ‘Clouds’. There is absolutely no way in which rain can happen without clouds.
Now, let us take a look at the options
- Does Rice happen because of Food? NO. Rice is a type of food.
- Does Grey happen because of Colour? NO. Grey is a type of colour.
- Does Snow happen because of Mountain? NO. Snow falls on a Mountain
- Does Heat happen because of SUN? YES!
Therefore, the correct answer is option(3) Heat: Sun.
Steps for Solving SSC JE Analogy Questions
When you are doing your SSC JE 2019 Analogy preparation, it becomes easier and quicker to solve the questions if you know the steps of solving SSC JE Analogy Questions. Here the simple steps that you can follow –
STEP 1 – Identify the relationship
STEP 2 – Eliminate the options that don’t fit the relationship
STEP 3 – Choose the right answer!
See, how easy it is? With a little bit of practice, you can fetch pretty good marks with Analogy. In such exams where the competition is tough, this is an advantage.
Another Example for SSC JE Analogy Questions – Solving for Letter Sequences
Let us take a look at the sequence of alphabets. These analogy questions are generally considered tougher.
* In the following question, select the related letters from the given alternatives.
SAT : WEX : : MET : ? (SSC JE Paper 1, 2017)
This seems tough, right? How can such seemingly unrelated alphabets have a connection? Well, this is actually quite easy to solve!
Just take a closer look at the first two alphabets of the first set of ‘words’, i.e. S and W. In the English alphabet, how many letters are between S and W? 3. Similarly, you would find that there are 3 letters between A and E as well as T and X. These are the second and third letters respectively. Now, let us take a look at the first letter of the second set of ‘words’. The letter is M. What comes three letters after M? Q.
If you look at the options, only one option has the first option to be Q. Hence, the right answer is option (4) – QIX.
Quick Tips for SSC JE 2019 Analogy Preparation
- Practice as much as you can
- Be very clear with the relationship. If two options look similar, look closely at the given set to identify a more specific relationship.
- In case of letter sequences, try adding or subtracting letters. This works 80% of the time.
- Last but not the least, no matter what the situation is, never lose your calm. Haste makes waste.
Some Previous Year SSC Analogy Questions for Practice
Question 1: In the following question, select the related word from the given alternatives.
Pink : Colour : : Eagle : ? (SSC JE 2017)
Correct Answer – Bird
Question 2: Select the related word/letters/number from the given alternatives.
Coal : Black :: Chalk : ?
Correct Answer: white
Question 3: Pedal:Cycling::Oars:? (SSC JE 2013)
Correct Answer – Rowing
For more such previous year questions for SSC JE exam, click here (“link”). Hopefully, we were able to help you with SSC JE 2019 analogy preparation. Feel free to browse our website for more such useful notes for SSC JE exam that will help you to ace the exam. The applicants can refer to related article below.