Photonics – The new science | Pursue a career in Photonics


Technology has always been a never-ending ladder towards revolution and growth. There is always something new knocking on the door and this time it Photonics. It is not a new concept and has been around since the first laser-light was invented, that is in the 1970s,  but the recent developments in this field has made it a good career prospect.

What is Photonics?

Ever wondered what and how those minute light particles make our life pleasant and relaxing? How the transfer of photons, the refraction of light enables us to see things with the absolute definition?

Photonics is the study of such phenomenon, mastering the technology of light. It is the physics of generating, detecting and controlling photons. The science includes light emission, transmission, deflection, amplification and detection by optical components and instruments, lasers and other light sources, fibre optics, electro-optical instrumentation, related hardware and electronics and sophisticated systems. It has a prime execution in research and business development domain. It is believed that photonics might become the scion of technology after electronics.

Reasons to opt for Photonics

  • You have a preoccupation for science and related topic
  • You have an inquisitiveness for solving science-pivoted problems
  • Your knowledge of physics and mathematics is strong

About the job

There is a worldwide exigency for qualified Photonics specialists. A professional can work as Engineers, technicians, scientists in government facilities or universities.A Photonics Scientist has more of research related work on Photonics.

Photonics engineers work is to mostly to design, fabricate, report and ameliorate on the types of technology relating to photons.  They conduct multiple tests to check the efficiency of the system. Photonics engineers also create prototypes to determine whether or not their ideas are plausible. The Photonics Technicians are trained in systems associated with fibre optics and lasers, and with their applications. The technician often aids the engineers in designing and manufacturing and also solving problems dealt with, in Photonics.

Career Paths

A Photonics specialist has a lot of options. Some of the job titles are as such-

  • Electro-Optical Engineer
  • Electro-optics Engineer
  • Fibre Optics Engineer
  • Laser Engineer
  • Laser Systems Engineer
  • Optical Design Engineer
  • Optical Engineer
  • Optical Engineering Manager
  • Optical Fabricator
  • Optical Scientist
  • Optical Systems Engineer
  • Optics Engineer
  • Optoelectronics Engineer
  • Optomechanical Engineer
  • Photonics Engineer
  • Process engineering and Metrology Manager
  • System Engineer
  • Technology Director

Future of Photonics

Leading international research topics have been based upon Ultrafast Photonics. It has become an interdisciplinary interest given the glorious developments of efficient lasers which produce optical pulses within the time domain of few femtoseconds. Currently, the telecommunication system is completely based upon transmission of pulses of laser light along optical fibres. This has been a remarkable success and has created an optoelectronics industry. This industry provides efficient laser sources, high-speed modulators, optical amplifier, and detectors.Photonics is one of the fields where the demand of specialists is more than the number of applicants. So if you have a fascination for light put this prospect into consideration because it’s essence is going to stay for a while.

Colleges and Institutes in India to study Photonics

1. Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi

Course: M.Tech. in Opto-Electronics and Optical-Communication

Eligibility  Criteria:

  •  Mandatory Courses : B.E. / B.Tech, M.Sc. (Physics, Electronics)
  • 70% weightage will be given for GATE score and 30% for performance in test/interview.

For further details visit:

2. Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur

Course: M.Tech. in Photonics

Eligibility  Criteria:

  • MandatoryCourses : B.E. / B.Tech, M.Sc. (Physics, Electronics)
  • The Candidate must have qualified GATE with Electronics and Communication/Electrical Engineering/Physics as the subject.

For further details visit:

3. The International School of Photonics

Course: M. Tech in Optoelectronics and Laser Technology

Eligibility Criteria:

  • Mandatory Courses : B.E. / B.Tech, M.Sc. (Physics, Electronics)
  • The Candidate must have secured a valid score in GATE with Electronics and Communication/Electrical Engineering/Physics as the subject.

For further details visit: