IBPS RRB Syllogisms | IBPS RRB 2018 | Tips and Tricks

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A syllogism is a test of your logical reasoning abilities. This is the reason why questions on Syllogisms are often asked in IBPS RRB exam, as well as various other banking exams such as IBPS PO and Clerk, SBI Clerk, SBI PO and the likes. A good number of questions are asked on Syllogisms in the IBPS RRB exam, every year. At the same time, solving the questions can be tricky. So, what exactly are IBPS RRB Syllogisms and how you can solve them effectively? Here, we are going to look for answers to those very questions. So, let’s start!

Understanding IBPS RRB Syllogisms

What are Syllogisms?

A syllogism is a test where you are asked to arrive at a conclusion from the given statements. As said before, it is meant to test your logical reasoning abilities

What is the structure of IBPS RRB Syllogisms?

The structure of IBPS RRB syllogisms is same as in other competitive exams. You would be given two statements and you would be given certain conclusions. You would be asked to choose the conclusion that can be made only from the given statements.

For example

Statements: Some actors are singers. All the singers are dancers.

Conclusions:

Some actors are dancers.
No singer is an actor.

Options:
A. Only (1) conclusion follows
B. Only (2) conclusion follows
C. Either (1) or (2) follows
D. Neither (1) nor (2) follows
E. Both (1) and (2) follow

That Looks Complicated!

Well, that is because you are given a lot of information and you are looking at all the information in one go. Your brain is biting more than it can chew! All you need to do is just cut the entire thing into pieces. Then solving becomes easy. This is why using the right technique is so important. We would take a look at the process a little later.

How many questions come in the exam?

The number of questions in the office assistant exam somewhat differs from the number of questions in the officer exam. The average number of questions for both the exams are given below:

  • Questions in IBPS RRB PO exam (Scale I): 5
  • Questions in IBPS RRB Office Assistant exam: 3-5

Please note that this is just an average number of questions, based on previous year question papers. In some years, there were only 2-3 questions on Syllogism in RRB exam, whereas in another there was as many as 8! So, you can get more questions or even fewer questions as well in IBPS RRB 2018.

How Tough Are They to Solve?

Well, the IBPS RRB Syllogisms questions are usually of moderate difficulty. Once you get to know the right technique and practice a bit, you would be able to solve the questions within a matter of seconds!

How Much Practice Do I need?

As said before, syllogism questions in IBPS RRB are somewhat easy to solve. You just need to process the information and apply it the right way. Mastering this would not take much time. Just practice 10-15 questions every week and you would be solving the questions like a pro!

The Procedure of Solving the IBPS RRB Syllogism Questions

There is a simple and highly effective, step-by-step procedure for solving IBPS RRB syllogism questions. Here, we would be talking about it. Just practice solving questions using this process and you would be able to solve the questions in a fast and accurate way.

Step-by-Step Process for Solving Syllogism Questions

Let us take the example of the question we have cited before.

Question: 

Statements: Some actors are singers. All the singers are dancers.

Conclusions:

Some actors are dancers.
No singer is an actor.

Options:
A. Only (1) conclusion follows
B. Only (2) conclusion follows
C. Either (1) or (2) follows
D. Neither (1) nor (2) follows
E. Both (1) and (2) follow

Solution: For solving such questions, the only thing that you would need to look at is the statement. The conclusions would be dealt with later.

Step 1: Look – The first thing that you would need to look is the statement. The statement consists of two parts. The first part says ‘Some actors are singers’ and the second part says ‘All singers are dancers’

Step 2: Draw Venn Diagram – You should look for statements that have the word ‘all’ in it. Such statements would have the reference to a superset. If you don’t know what a superset is, please go through your Venn diagram lessons once again. The second part of the ‘statement’ has the word ‘all’ and gives us the superset of ‘dancers’, of which ‘singers’ are a subset.  This is because all the singers might be dancers but not all dancers are singers. According to this, the Venn Diagram would look like this:

venn 1- ibps rrb syllogisms

 

Now, we need to include the set of ‘actors’ in this Venn diagram. According to the first part, some actors are singers. This creators two possibilities. First, there are actors who are not dancers. Second, it is also possible that all the actors are dancers. The diagrams would look like this:

 

venn 3- ibps rrb syllogisms

STEP 3: Consider the Conclusions – Now, we would consider the conclusions. The first conclusion says ‘some actors are dancers’. This is true according to our Venn diagrams. The next statement says ‘No singer is an actor’. This is not true according to our diagrams. Also, we already know that some actors are singers. If that is the case, then some singers should also be actors.

Therefore, only conclusion (1) can be made on the basis of the statements

Answer: A

See, how easy it is! Let us look at some practice questions now

Practice Questions

Question 1:

Statements: Some mangoes are yellow. Some tixos are mangoes.

Conclusions:

  1. Some mangoes are green.
  2. Tixo is yellow.

Options:

A. Only (1) conclusion follows
B. Only (2) conclusion follows
C. Either (1) or (2) follows
D. Neither (1) nor (2) follows
E. Both (1) and (2) follow

Answer: D

Question 2:

Statements: All the harmoniums are instruments. All the instruments are flutes.

Conclusions:

  1. All the flutes are instruments.
  2. All the harmoniums are flutes.

Options:

A. Only (1) conclusion follows
B. Only (2) conclusion follows
C. Either (1) or (2) follows
D. Neither (1) nor (2) follows
E. Both (1) and (2) follow

Answer: B

Question 3: 

Statements: Some papers are pens. All the pencils are pens.

Conclusions:

  1. Some pens are pencils.
  2. Some pens are papers.

Options:

A. Only (1) conclusion follows
B. Only (2) conclusion follows
C. Either (1) or (2) follows
D. Neither (1) nor (2) follows
E. Both (1) and (2) follow

Answer: E

Question 4:

Statements: Some ants are parrots. All the parrots are apples.

Conclusions:

  1. All the apples are parrots.
  2. Some ants are apples.

Options:

A. Only (1) conclusion follows
B. Only (2) conclusion follows
C. Either (1) or (2) follows
D. Neither (1) nor (2) follows
E. Both (1) and (2) follow

Answer: B

This was how you can solve IBPS RRB syllogisms in a smart way. Hope you found this article useful. For more such informative articles, keep browsing our website.

Best of luck!

Team Topprnotes